Air quality is deteriorating drastically because of various reasons. Construction site pollutants add to this existing problem and create health hazards for its surrounding habitats.
FREMONT, CA: The backbone of economic development is infrastructure. As cities and suburbs continue to develop, building construction becomes a never-ending process. The construction of infrastructure will contribute significantly to the modernization of those communities. Still, it also brings numerous problems - one of which is the pollution that contributes to its continued expansion.
Of the numerous factors contributing to air pollution, climate change, water pollution, and landfill waste, 23 percent is generated by the construction sector. Construction sites can transmit various contaminants to the human body, resulting in permanent illnesses for those who work at or live near them. Construction sites produce a variety of contaminants from the materials used on the site that contribute to the creation of different types of pollution. One of the most important polluters on a construction site is air pollution. Various contaminants, such as dust and flies, can quickly spread through the air.
PM10 is a highly prevalent air contaminant. Invisible to the naked eye, these are particles less than 10 microns in diameter. PM10 is a collective term used to describe a large quantity of construction dust generated from cement, concrete, silica, and wood in the construction industry. PM 2.5 and PM 10 emissions are associated with construction sites responsible for these emissions. There are 14.5 percent and 8 percent of these contaminants in the air, respectively.
Flora and fauna have to deal with survival tasks resulting in biodiversity loss and food chain disruption.
Consequences of air pollution
On employees: Researchers have conducted extensive studies on PM10. These studies showed that this contaminant could penetrate deep into the lungs of those in direct contact with polluted air and inhale it when airborne. A high risk of health complications can arise for employees working on construction sites due to the inhalation of poor-quality air from working on construction sites. Construction site workers face common health issues respiratory diseases, lung cancer, and cardiovascular diseases.
On residents: Many people living near the plant suffer from the adverse effects of air pollution, along with the employees who have direct contact with the air pollution. The impact of poor air quality persists long after the project has been completed, even though they are not near the pollutants. Air pollutants such as PM10 spread easily by the wind surrounding an area and can settle for years.
On the environment: Many factors contribute to environmental pollution, and many of these are well-known. PM2.5 emissions from construction sites account for 14.5 percent and PM10 emissions for 8 percent - including machinery, generators, construction, and demolition activities. In the presence of this contamination, plants and animals struggle to thrive, causing biodiversity loss and disrupting the food chain.